What are the most common types of kidney disease?

The most common type of kidney disorder is chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease is a long-term disorder that doesn’t get better over time.

Chronic kidney disease typically developed by high blood pressure. High blood pressure is not safe for the kidneys because it can raise the pressure on the glomeruli. Glomeruli are the small blood vessels in the kidneys where blood normally gets cleaned. Over time, the increased pressure wounds these vessels, and kidney function begins to decrease.

The function of the kidneys will ultimately worsen to the point where the kidneys can no longer perform their job correctly. When that happens, the patient will need to go on dialysis. Dialysis filters waste and extra fluid out of the blood. Dialysis can help the kidney disease but it can’t cure it. A kidney transplant might be another treatment alternative depending on your circumstances.

Moreover, diabetes is the main culprit of chronic kidney disease. Diabetes is a group of diseases that produces high blood sugar. The risen level of sugar in the blood harms the blood vessels in the kidneys over time. This means the kidneys can’t clean the blood appropriately. Kidney failure can happen when your body gets overloaded with toxins.

A list of another common kidney disease

Kidney stones

Kidney stones happen when minerals and other substances in the blood crystallize in the kidneys, creating solid masses (stones). They typically come out of the body throughout urination. Passing kidney stones can be very painful, but they hardly cause significant problems.


Glomerulonephritis is an infection of the glomeruli. Glomeruli are extremely tiny structures inside the kidneys that filter the blood. Glomerulonephritis can be caused by drugs, infections, or congenital abnormalities (disorders that happen shortly after birth).

Polycystic kidney disease

Polycystic kidney disorder is a genetic condition that leads to several cysts (tiny sacs of fluid) growing in the kidneys. These cysts can intervene with kidney function and cause kidney failure. (It’s important to note that individual kidney cysts are fairly common and usually harmless. Polycystic kidney disease is a more serious, separate condition.)

Urinary tract infections

bacterial infections of any part of the urinary system are called urinary tract infections (UTIs). Infections in the urethra and bladder happen in a lot of cases. They are commonly treatable. But, if left untreated, these infections can spread all the way to the kidneys and lead to kidney failure.

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